A Plann of the Premises demised to Mrs Frances Pollard; A plan of the premises demised to Mr Sumpner

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Commentary

The City Lands Commission reports and deeds show that as the sixty-one-year lease on these adjoining premises neared its expiry in 1711, Frances Pollard, widow, and Mr Sumpner, citizen and blacksmith, successfully petitioned to renew for another twenty-one years the leases on their neighbouring powder shop and coffee house in the Minories. The houses may have been built in 1650, though on the site of older buildings given their location, like the Houndsditch properties surveyed in the same volume against London Wall. Although Sumpner was a freeman of the Blacksmith's Company, the right hand property was known as Sumpner's Coffee House, illustrating that not all freemen of the City followed their trades. Diary and other evidence shows that the numbers of coffee houses in London continued to grow through the eighteenth century, though this is the only one listed by name in the first volume of the City Lands Plans. It appears in this instance to differ very little from other sorts of contemporary drinking houses.
The unspecified ‘room’ fronting the street with a large fire place would also have been for customers’ use. Like many of the shop dwellings in the surveys, this had a large private garden attached at the rear, though it is not clear from the plans how gardens were used. Many gardens and yards contained wash houses, especially those behind premises selling food and drink, so outdoor spaces would presumbly have been used for drying and airing washing. Summer houses were also surveyed in gardens and yards in the City but especally in outlying suburbs. City inventories from this period occasionally list skittle alleys or goods in sheds and other out buildings which suggest they were may have been used by customers for entertainment.

Themes

Boundaries and Thresholds
Labour
Room Disposition and Function
Leisure

Dominant Representational Strategies

Layout

Dwelling

Type
Commercial
Residential
Detail
Shop
House
Terrace house
Town house
Historical Terminology
Specified Social Level
Middle

Activities

Type
Commercial
Eating and Drinking
Hygiene and Upkeep
Intellectual, Cultural and Spritual
Detail
Selling
Drinking
Washing
Entertaining

Rooms

Type
Leisure / Games Room
Social and Sitting Spaces
Work Space
Utility
Undifferentiated Spaces
Historical Terminology
Coffee room
Garden
Parlour
Room
Shed
Shop
Vault (privy)
Wash house
Yard

Inhabitants

Type
Uninhabited
Detail
Adults
Male
Female

Objects

Type
Equipment
Detail
Heating

Bibliography

Preston, Rebecca, Geffrye Museum Report 3:i, Key to City Lands Plans, 2004, pp. 4, 9.

Direct Cross-References

Indirect Cross-References

A Plann of the Premises demised to Ann Howard

Howard, Ann ; Olley, John 1713; 1650

Manuscript
Drawing, RP1100

A Plann of the premises demised to Robert Pike

Pike, Robert ; Olley, John 1713

Manuscript
Drawing, RP1101

Demised to John Wilmott

Willmott, John; Olley, John 1716

Manuscript
Drawing, RP1102

A plan of the premises demised to William Warren

Warren, William; Olley, John c.1710

Manuscript
Drawing, RP1103

A Plann of the Premises demised to John Rowton

Rowton, John ; Olley, John c.1710

Manuscript
Drawing, RP1105

Demised to Tho Rand in Ropemakers Alley

Rand, Thomas ; Olley, John 1712

Manuscript
Drawing, RP1106

Demised to John Shaler

Shaler, John ; Olley, John 1691; 1712

RP1107

A plan of the premises demised to Nathaniel Withers

Withers, Nathaniel; Olley, John 1652; 1712

Manuscript
Drawing, RP1108

[Plan of an unidentified house belonging to the Corporation of London, c. 1700]

Olley, John c.1700

Manuscript
Drawing, RP1109

Lutestring Company

George Jeffreys 1672; 1701; 1711

Manuscript
Drawing, RP1110

Names
Pollard, Mrs Frances
Mr Sumpner
Olley, John
Date(s)
1650
1711
Country
United Kingdom
Historical Region
Minories
City of London
Description
Detail of coloured plan on paper
Format
Manuscript
Drawing
Type
Genre
Technical Drawing
Publication
Copyright
This research was undertaken by the Geffrye Museum in 2004
Image copyright Corporation of London Record Office
Location
Corporation of London Record Office (CLRO) Plans, (5492): City Lands and Bridge House Properties, Vol. 1: c.1680-1720, p. 62.
Record ID
RP1104